Abalone is a large marine snail which feeds on algae and seaweed and clings to rocks by a large muscular foot, which provides the meat used for eating.
Flesh of abalones is considered in many countries as a desirable food, and is consumed raw or cooked in a number of styles.
Unique South Australian abalone
Australian Abalone (Haliotis Rubra and Haliotis Laevigata) are delicious mollusk with a refined flavours.
In South Australia where Hot Dog Fisheries are located, two main species of abalone are taken; the greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata) and the blacklip abalone (Haliotis rubra).
Breeding seasons for the green lip abalone spawns is between October and February, while Blacklip abalone spawns between February and April and again between October and December.
Abalone fishing in South Australia has proven to be one of the more valuable commercial fisheries and is sustainably managed by industry and Government. It is currently worth approximately $64 million in 2009/10. About 96% of the catch is exported in cans, live, frozen, dried or boiled.
Blacklip Abalone is found tucked away in crevices and nooks of the Southern Ocean and is regarded for succulent flavours.
Greenlip abalone is found deep down in the sand line of the Southern Ocean and accounts for 80-85% of production. It is known for its rich and luxurious flavours.